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It seems like everyone’s goal: Be a millionaire! But, is a million dollars enough? From the game show “Who Wants to Be a Millionaire?” to the classic Barenaked Ladies song “If I Had A $1,000,000”, it’s clear: we all want to end up millionaires. For many people, a million dollars feels like enough. With a million, you can live a happy, worry-free retirement, right?
If you dig a bit deeper, you’ll realize the answer is more complicated. It depends on how much you spend, and how long you have until retirement.
How to Save Up a Million Bucks
If you really want to be a millionaire, there’s a very small chance you’ll get there by winning the lottery or inheriting a secret fortune. For most of us, it’ll be done through consistent saving and investing. Given that, what do you have to save on a monthly basis to be a millionaire by the time you’re 65?
Assuming your investments earn 9% each year, the required monthly contributions are:
Age | Monthly Savings |
25 | $246 |
30 | $386 |
35 | $611 |
40 | $983 |
45 | $1,629 |
50 | $2,838 |
55 | $5,485 |
60 | $13,924 |
These numbers show that it pays to start early. The amount that you need to save monthly more than doubles if you start at age 35 instead of age 25. Even though it can be tough to save as a young professional when there’s rent and student loans to pay, every little bit helps in the long run.
Is a Million Dollars Enough?
So let’s say that you’re on pace to put two commas in your account by retirement, is a million dollars enough? In the end, it’s not about how much you have in the bank. What really matters is how much you’re able to withdraw from your investments to live off of every year. Financial professionals often recommend withdrawing no more than 4% of the balance each year. This guideline isn’t foolproof though:
- You have to be careful if you hit a bear market at the beginning of your retirement.
- It also assumes you’ll have at least 50% of your portfolio in stocks and that your retirement will last 30 years.
Nonetheless, it’s a good place to start.
If you retire tomorrow with a million dollars, based off this 4% rule, you’ll be able to spend $40,000 per year with a cost of living adjustment every year. Do you think you’ll spend more or less than $40,000? Is a million dollars enough?
A Million Now is Worth More Than a Million Later
There’s another problem with chasing after a million dollars. If you don’t plan to retire any time soon, it’s not going to be enough to save a million dollars. Sounds crazy doesn’t it, but every year the cost of the things we need increases just a little, thanks to inflation. These incremental amounts add up, and in a few years a million dollars won’t be enough to live on. I wonder, if you’re currently 25 years old, is a million dollars enough to retire on?
A future value of $1,000,000 has a present value that’s much less today. We can calculate what that million dollars in retirement would feel like in today’s dollars.
Age | Years to Retirement | Retirement Investments in Today’s Dollars | Safe Monthly Withdrawals in Today’s Dollars |
25 | 40 | $306,557 | $1,022 |
30 | 35 | $355,383 | $1,185 |
35 | 30 | $411,987 | $1,373 |
40 | 25 | $477,606 | $1,592 |
45 | 20 | $553,676 | $1,846 |
50 | 15 | $641,862 | $2,140 |
55 | 10 | $744,094 | $2,480 |
60 | 5 | $862,609 | $2,875 |
*Assumes a 3% yearly inflation rate, 4% withdrawal rate.
So if you’re 25 years old and your goal is to be a millionaire, that really means that you aspire to save up about $300,000 (in today’s dollars), which almost certainly wouldn’t be enough for you to retire on. Suddenly, being a millionaire doesn’t sound so great does it? Is a million dollars enough? Not likely…
In addition to the low lump sum, take a look at the monthly withdrawals you’ll be able to make (again, in today’s dollars after factoring in inflation). Is it enough? You might have some amount of Social Security when you’re older, but it’s not something to rely on. For many of us, a million dollars in retirement won’t be enough.
A More Appropriate Target
In order to have a comfortable retirement, you’ll be a millionaire — eventually. If you’re a regular investor, It’s just a matter of time. But if you’d live like today’s millionaire that’s able to spend $40,000 a year in retirement, you’ll need to save a bit more than what we originally calculated.
Age | Inflation Adjusted Retirement Spending | Inflation Adjusted Retirement Investments | Monthly Savings |
25 | $130,481 | $3,262,038 | $805 |
30 | $112,555 | $2,813,862 | $1,087 |
35 | $97,091 | $2,427,262 | $1,484 |
40 | $83,751 | $2,093,778 | $2,060 |
45 | $72,244 | $1,806,111 | $2,942 |
50 | $62,319 | $1,557,967 | $4,422 |
55 | $53,757 | $1,343,916 | $7,371 |
60 | $46,371 | $1,159,274 | $16,142 |
If you’re twenty-five, that means you’ll need to save $805 (instead of $246 as shown in the first chart) per month in order to be a millionaire (in today’s dollars) at retirement. You don’t need a million dollars; you need three million. Inflation is a doozy.
Being a part of the double comma club is an exclusive club, but when you’re thinking of saving for retirement, realize that $1,000,000 might not be enough. Your true retirement goal should depend on your annual spending and how many years you have until retirement.
Is a million dollars enough for you? What is your retirement savings goal?
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3 million bucks?! Yikes, good thing I planned on it anyway!
Yeah… that’s what hit me too. $1 million is actually THREE million.
Yes, it was a crude realization a few months back when I used a new retirement calculator (Fidelity I believe) and it told me I would need 3.2 million bucks for retirement. Im on my way but it just sounds like so much!
Wow – I knew inflation would impact the total required (ie 3 million in 40 years is like 1 today). But the annual spend amount really hit home! over $100k per year when I retire. That is a scary thought when I think in todays dollars.
Glad you’re thinking about it though Tom! That means you’re far ahead of the typical American out there! Congrats, and best of luck on your retirement journey!